This report is the outcome of a partnership initiative launched in 2022 by the European Think Tanks
Group (ETTG) and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Regional Bureau of Africa.
It follows earlier cooperation on AU-EU relations between the two organisations in 2020 and 2021.
Our partnership has aimed to assess the status of Africa-Europe relations in the follow-up of the
EU-AU Summit in Brussels.
The global economy must
deliver nature-positive, equitable
outcomes if we are to tackle
the existential challenges of
nature loss and climate change.
As nature is not material in most
financial decision-making, there
is significant misalignment of
public and private financial flows
with nature-positive outcomes.
Understanding the current
degree of alignment of global
finance, and identifying actions
needed to increase it is vital.
We propose a new model of a small open economy with efficient energy use to investigate the inflationary dynamics along
the green transition. The model incorporates the production of
green energy that substitutes exogenous brown energy sources
in energy production. Production is characterized by low substitutability between resource and traditional inputs that firms
can alter through directed input-saving technical change.
Author: Florencia, S. Airaudo; Evi, Pappa; Hernán, D. Seoane
This paper provides evidence from
Brazil that local government actions can increase slum growth
without changes in poverty or immigration. Using a regression discontinuity design in close elections, I find that victories
by a center-left, pro-poor party in the 2000 municipal election
strongly increased the share of households living in slums in
2010 compared to 2000.
Se pretende incursionar en el conocimiento del sector energético colombiano y específicamente en el tema de la eficiencia energética y las fuentes no convencionales de energía renovable, justificando la financiación con recursos de Findeter de la demanda creciente de proyectos de energía en el país. Junto con este estudio, la Jefatura de Inteligencia de Negocio proporcionará una base de datos para que el área comercial gestione el relacionamiento necesario
The Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) and Economic Commission for Latin
America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) have prepared this publication, Outlook of
Fiscal Relations among Government Levels in Latin America and the Caribbean,
with the financial support of the Spanish Agency for International Development
Author: Inter-American Development Bank (IADB) and United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC).
Using the Brazilian administrative credit registry data with the universe of all
consumer loans originated by banks in the country from 2013 to 2019, we document
high borrowing interest rates, which vary systematically with individual’s
characteristics. In particular, even after controlling for several observable
individual attributes (such as income, occupation, and default probabilities,
low-income), individuals pay higher interest rates than high-income borrowers.
The private sector has an indispensable role to play in advancing climate adaptation and resilience building. The need for private sector solutions to address climate change impacts is even more pronounced in Africa given its sizable needs for adaptation and the limited fiscal space of most African states to adapt and build resilience to climate and disaster risks.
On 16 May 2022 the European Commission published a targeted amendment of the EU Financial Regulation, “aiming to strike the right balance by focusing on changes that are really necessary” and included “targeted improvements”, not least on “strengthening the protection of the Union financial interests”.
Author: European Association Long - Term investors
By 2028, it is expected that India's MSME sector will have contributed US$ 1 trillion to the country's overall exports, accounting for around 33% of the country's GDP. There are 7.9 million registered Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises in India (MSMEs). About 120 million employment across industries and regions are supported by the sector, which amounts for about 33% of the nation's overall GDP.
Author: World Association for Small and Medium Enterprises (WASME)