The authors provide new evidence of lower borrowing costs for state-owned enterprises (SOEs). Utilizing ORBIS ownership data matched to financing transactions in syndicated loan and bond markets, regressions and propensity score matching estimates confirm the lower financing costs for SOEs in both advanced and developing economies when compared to the private sector.
This paper examine the impact of offering conditional cash transfer (CCT) beneficiaries the choice to receive cash transfers in bank accounts instead of cash. It investigate the effects on savings behavior and downstream outcomes such as assets and trust. It find, on average, no significant impact on overall savings or downstream outcomes.
The Joint Report on Multilateral Development Banks Climate Finance is an annual collaborative effort to publish Multilateral Development Banks (MDBs) climate finance figures, together with a clear explanation of the methodologies for tracking this finance as climate finance.
Author: Inter American Development Bank; African Development Bank; Asian Development Bank; Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank; Council of Europe Development Bank; European Bank for Reconstruction and Development; European Investment Bank; Islamic Development Bank; New Development Bank; World Bank